Before you start
Make sure that you have carried out the following steps:
• Checked for consciousness but had no response.
• Opened the victim’s airway.
• Checked for breathing and found definite signs.
1. Position arms and legs:
• Kneel next to the victim.
• If the victim is wearing eyeglasses, remove them. Also remove any bulky objects from his pockets.
• Position the arm closer to you so that it lies at a right angle to his body, with his elbow bent at a right angle
and the palm facing upward.
2. Prepare to turn victim
• Bring the arm farther from you across the victim’s chest, and place the back of his hand under his near cheek.
• Pull his far leg into a bent position; keep his foot on the floor.
• Pull his knee toward you.
3. Turn victim
• Continue to pull the upper leg so that the victim rolls onto his side. If necessary, support his body with your knees so that he does not roll too far forward.
• Leave the victim’s hand supporting his head, and tilt the head so that the airway stays open.
4. Support victim
• Adjust the victim’s hand so that it supports his head. Bend the hip and knee of his upper leg at right angles so that this leg supports his body.
• Check that an ambulance is on the way.
• Check and record the victim’s breathing, pulse, and consciousness until help arrives.
• If you suspect a spinal injury, do not move the victim unless his breathing is impeded or he is in danger. Maintain his open airway.